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Kyrgyz facts


Kyrgyz facts

Kyrgyzstan is mountainous country situated in Central Asia with population about 6 million people and an area of 198.500 km2. Its neighboring countries are Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tadjikistan to the south and China to its East and South-East. The former Republic of the Soviet Union, Kyrgyzstan became independent in the year 1991 and since then is a democratic Presidential Republic. Bishkek, formerly called Frunze , is the capital with about 1 million inhabitants.
Longitude
Bishkek - 74( East (Similar to New Delhi).

Latitude
Bishkek - 42( North Similar to Istanbul, Madrid, New York.

Elevation
Highest - 7437 m - Peak Pobeda
Lowest - 401 m - The Laikal district in the Ferghana Valley
Average - 2750 m
Bishkek - 750 m
93% of Kyrgyzstan higher than 1500 m above sea level, and 41% above 3000m.

Area
198,500 sq. km (76641 sq. miles)
Similar to England and roughly equal to the combined areas of Portugal, Switzerland, Belgium and the Netherlands.
925 km East-West: 453 km North-South
The total length of Kyrgyzstan's borders is 4508 km.

Neighbouring Countries
China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan.

Population
5 million
density - 24 per sq. km    
38% - urban, 62% - rural
51% - female, 49% - male
Approximately one sixth of the population lives in Bishkek.
The Kyrgyz make up just over 50% of the population - of the over 70 other nationalities the major ones are:     
The Russians (17%), Uzbeks (13%), Ukrainians, Germans and Tartars.
40% of the population is under 14 years old and 8% of the population is over 60 years old
Shortly after Independence there was large-scale emigration of ethic Russians and Germans in response to the decline of industrial job opportunities and growing Kyrgyz nationalism.

Religion
Muslim (Sunni), and Russian Orthodox.

Languages
State - Kyrgyz.  Official - Russian, (In common use especially in the capital and Northern region).

Life Expectancy
In 1995: Male: 63.9 - Female: 72.6


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