Introduction. Tourists making their way in Kyrgyzstan usually have a desire to get to know history of Kyrgyzstan with the help of car renting and they are usually are given the short introduction. Now we would like to introduce you main ideas of the history of the country where you are going to travel on a rented car. First you should know, Kyrgyz people have been nomads in their past and they used to change their place of living from pasture to pasture. They used to breed cattle and save nature of the country. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan on a car for rent you will see that the Kyrgyz people didn't build towns, cities, buildings for them not to spoil pristine nature. In the course of a car rent tour in our country you have the opportunity to get to know that history estimates about 2000 years. And since 201BC people start to get the Kyrgyz people closer:
Prehistory (1 million years ago - 1 000 BC). The period of 1 million years ago - 1 000 BC is known as the prehistory and shows the time of development of culture and art. Making a tour in Kyrgyzstan you have all the opportunities to make a visit of the Rock Art Gallery in Cholpon Ata. It is the place of testimony which is seen to contain petroglyphs and various 2000 images on the walls of the cave. These images show us scenes of everyday activities, wedding and hunting.
Ancient History (1 000 BC - 300 AD). During the times of 1 000 BC - 300 AD ancient history starts its existence. In 201BC the Kyrgyz people appear in the Chinese notes first, in the chronicles "Historical notes" written by Sima Tan. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan you will find out that Sima Tan identified people of Kyrgyzstan as the ones fighting with the Hunnu. Then in the 1st century BC the other historian Ban Gu made notes about the Kyrgyz in chronicles Han-shu (History of Han) where he identified the Kyrgyz state located in the modern territory of eastern Turkestan.
Turkic Era (500-1200). 500-1200 is the time of the Turkic Era which is one of the most tragic ones in the history of migrating. This period was identified as the time of the Great Kyrgyz Empire by the investigator Barthold in his travelling in Kyrgyzstan. In 6-13th centuries tribes speaking Turkish language started their way to Central Asia from Altai Mountains. Here we see the absence of the Kyrgyz state until the 7th century. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you will listen to the history of the Kyrgyz people when in the 7th century they had to be under the powers of the Barsbek ajo king. These were also the times of the establishment of the Kyrgyz Kaganate. In accordance with historical notes, territory of the Kyrgyz people was seen in frames of the Irtysh River in the west to the Big Khingan range in the east, from the Angara and Selenga Rivers in the north to the Gobi Desert in the south.
The Mongol Rule (1200-1400). During the period of 1200-1400 we identify the time of the mongol rule when people had to face with tragic events of the Mongol threatening and taking the territories. The period is seen as the time of the Mongols to destroy everything the Turkic culture had created. In 1207 they had to get under the powers of Genghiz Khan and stay for about 700 years.
During your car rent tour in Kyrgyzstan you will see that the situation started to change when the Kyrgyz people started to take the other religion - islam and go from shamanistic culture. But even today it is possible to meet nomads who live in mountains and serve not Islamic notions.
Kyrgyz consolidation (1400-1800). In 1400-1800 the Kyrgyz consolidation started to be known. It is also the time of migrating, when people were making their tour from Siberia to the territory of modern Kyrgyzstan. But in 15-19th century the Kyrgyz people didn't have statehood and were apart from each other. The people tried to create the only tribe with the head of all, but failed and the system of tribes with governors appeared.
Russian Colonization (1770-1917). Russian colonization is known to start in 1770 and stay till 1917. In the course of a tour in Kyrgyzstan you will find out that the Kyrgyz people suffered from threats from the inner tribes along with China, Kokand and Kazakhs. And they couldn't bear this situation. That is why the northern part of Kyrgyzstan went to the Russian Empire to ask for help. The southern part of the country was against being the part of the Russian Empire and that is why they were joined by force. In the result of starting being the part of the Russian Empire, the people saw the development of the administrative system of Kyrgyzstan and of agriculture and economy.
Soviet Rule (1917-1991). Russian Colonization finished its existence on the territory of Kyrgyzstan in 1917 when the Bolsheviks came and overthrew the Russian Empire with lasting the powers until 1991 of the Soviet Rule. When you start to travel in Kyrgyzstan you can always see that history of the country is rather interesting, which is also seen in the Soviet powers promising the absence of slavery and exploitation, development of cultural and educational life started its existence. The Soviet Rule period became the beginning of painting, cinema and theatre to develop. The main problem and complication was seen in the government's prohibition to believe in God. This led to Atheization, Collectivization and Cultural Revolution murders of innocents. In the result there appeared the autonomous republic.
Independent Kyrgyzstan (since 1991). For now you have the opportunity to travel on a rented car in the independent Kyrgyzstan; the country gained its independence in 1991. Travelling in Kyrgyzstan on a car for rent you will surely see the main national notions: flag, emblem and anthem. When we talk about independency, in 1992 Kyrgyzstan started to be the part of the UN, in 1993 the constitution was taken.
But independency started the time of instability and crises. In the course of a car rent tour you will anyway find out that there happened two revolutions - in 2005 and 2010. At the same time recently there was a meeting. Everything is aimed on overthrowing the president of the country.
Now it is free and safe for you to travel in Kyrgyzstan on car for rent and make an interesting tour you are wishing about. We are always glad to advise you tours which suit you more and you will see that there will be a desire or not to leave our country or to return back later.